The Ghauri–I (Urdu: ????-??; official codename: Hatf–5 Ghauri–I) is a land-based surface-to-surface medium-range ballistic missile, in current service with the Pakistan Army‘s Strategic Forces Command— a subordinate command of Strategic Plans Division.
Influenced from the design of Nodong-1 of North Korea, its extensive modification and engineering took place in Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL) in 1990s with an objective of developing an electronic system that uses a single stage liquid fuel rocket motor to carry a payload of 700 kg to a range of 1,500 km. This is enough to reach most, if not all of India. Two variants of the Ghauri were produced under the secretive missile research programme started in 1987 and the development of a third variant was cancelled. The Ghauri-II uses increased motor assembly length and improved propellants for an increased range of 2,300 km (1,400 mi).
Pakistan Conducts Test of Ghauri
Pakistan conducted a test launch of its liquid-fueled, single-stage medium-range ballistic missile, the Ghauri or Hatf-V.
Video footage released by the Pakistani military’s Inter-Services Public Relations shows a Ghauri missile successfully launching off a transporter-erector-launcher in an undisclosed location.
The footage then cuts to show the missile’s dummy re-entry vehicle striking a land-based target. The range to which the missile was tested is left unclear and the target area does not appear to contain any structures.
The Ghauri, or Hatf-5, is a medium or intermediate-range ballistic missile with a range of 1,250 km. This missile is liquid fueled and is considered to be road-mobile. Finding the technological limits of the Chinese M-11 missile, Pakistan had to find a different source to base their missile on. Analysis of the Ghauri suggests that Pakistan based the missile off of North Korea’s Nodong design. In April of 1998 Pakistan successfully tested the Ghauri, which flew 700 km, well short of a proposed 1,500 km. Pakistan also responded to the Indian Agni-II test with another test of the Ghauri in April of 1999 which reportedly struck a target 1,100 km.The missile was introduced to the Indian military in 2003. Some analysts theorize that the Ghauri benefits from North Korea’s payload spin technology. This spin, like a bullet from a rifle would help stabilize a missile.
Furthermore, the Ghauri has an estimated 1,000 kg payload in either conventional or nuclear weaponry. There are reports of a modified Ghauri, or Ghuari-2, which has an increased strike range that includes all of India. Along with the Shaheen-I, the Ghauri appears to be the answer to India’s Prithvi and Agni missile series. The time line of development for the Pakistani missiles and the Indian missiles remain closely together. Since 2007 the testing of the Ghauri has slowed due to international pressure as well as an increased focus on cruise missiles and tactical nuclear weapons. However, Pakistan still tested the Ghauri missile in November of 2012.